What Are The 6 Golden Rules Of Personal Finance?


When it comes to personal finance, it is harder than ever to start meeting your financial goals, which can range from retirement planning to saving for college for your children or simply planning for short-term financial needs. 

The economy can be a frightening place to navigate, particularly in our contemporary day and age, leading to difficulties in establishing and maintaining personal finances, especially for younger people. 

It is more important than ever to obtain a firm grasp on your personal finances and in this article, we are going to be helping you to do this by looking at six golden rules to consider when it comes to managing and planning your personal finances. Let's get started. 

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Table Of Contents


  1. Plan For The Long Term and the Short Term

It is easy to forget to plan for financial situations in the future, but this can be a make-or-break situation with your personal finances. 

A long term plan- such as beginning to plan for retirement- is going to be incredibly beneficial for you further down the line in your life, so make things easier for yourself by setting aside a portion of your finances to plan for long term situations such as this. 

That isn't to say that short-term finances should be left by the wayside, though, as this is also a crucial element when it comes to knowing where you are at with your personal finances. 

Whether it is knowing how much you are paying for gas on your drive to work every day or keeping tabs on your weekly shopping budget, knowing your finances for short term situations as well as the long term is an absolute necessity. 

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  1. Don’t Live Beyond Your Means

Regardless of your income, it is imperative to save some of all of your earnings to start building on your personal finances

Don’t spend more than you earn, as this is very likely to lead to you living beyond your means. If this happens, then your opportunity to start saving and building up your personal finances becomes smaller and smaller. 

This might seem easy enough to put into practice, but it is definitely harder than you might think to ensure that you don't overspend, which is where proper planning comes in handy. 

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  1. Diversify Your Investments

It might seem a bit frightening to make investments in the first place if you are not used to doing so, but investing can be a great way to increase your personal finances. 

Investing can be risky, but it's all about moderation and investing in the opportunities that could be beneficial to you and your personal circumstances. 

There are different risks that are associated with investing and the different avenues available, but the main goal that you will want to aim for is to go for investments that aren't too risky, but that also protect your finances against any short term shifts that might occur in the economy whilst also mitigating losses that are incurred in a long term situation. 

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  1. Always Pay Your Debts

Debt management is a tricky nut to crack, with various schools of thought available on the subject. Some consider it wiser to pay off smaller debts first- which is likely to be the only option for those who live paycheck to paycheck-, whilst others advise that paying off higher-interest loans first is more beneficial in the long run- if you are able to do so- due to the possibility of compound interest without risking loss from debt liabilities. 

There are benefits to both debt repayment methods, but the key thing to remember is to never allow your debts to grow by not paying them, as this can be severely detrimental to your personal finances in both the long term and the short term. 

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  1. Set Various Budgets

Budgeting is always going to be key to knowing where you are at with your personal finances, but it can be easy to overlook aspects of your finances and only budget for certain things. 

For instance, you are likely to budget for special occasions, vacations etc., but you might not think to budget for your daily essentials or for your regular groceries. 

Establishing a budget for every aspect of your finances might be a little bit time-consuming, but in the long run, it will make all the difference when it comes to knowing exactly where you are at with your personal finances

  1. Establish an Emergency Fund

Last but not least, emergency fund or rainy day savings are an absolute must due to the entirely unpredictable nature of life itself!

You never truly know what is going to happen from one day to the next, be it a medical emergency, a sudden change in your working circumstances, pet health problems, car issues, repairs that need to be done in your home or a wealth of other possible emergencies.

If you don't have the cash to deal with these kinds of situations, it could lead to you having to take out loans that can lead to more dire financial circumstances down the line. 

To avoid this as best you can, try and establish an emergency fund as soon as possible and pay into it depending on your current personal financial situation

Even if you only have a bit of money currently saved up for a rainy day, it will give you some much-needed peace of mind. 

paying with card

Final Thoughts

So there you have six particularly noteworthy rules to remember when it comes to your personal finances. 

If you find that you are struggling to keep your finances in control, try and speak with a professional- such as a financial planner or financial advisor- to help get you on the right track. 

So long as you are sensible and remember to ask for help when it is needed, you should be well on your way to establishing and reaching your personal financial goals!

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Frequently Asked Questions

By implementing a "pay yourself first" approach, you can prioritize savings and investments by setting aside a specific amount or percentage of your income before allocating funds to other expenses.

Begin by tracking your income and expenses for a month, categorizing your spending, determining your financial goals, and then allocating funds accordingly. Adjust your budget as needed and review it regularly.

Determine your insurance needs based on your life stage, financial situation, and potential risks. Consult with an insurance agent or financial advisor to help you choose the right policies for your needs.

It's recommended to save 3-6 months' worth of living expenses in an emergency fund to cover unexpected costs, such as job loss, medical bills, or car repairs.

Some ways to educate yourself about personal finance include reading books, attending seminars, following financial blogs, listening to podcasts, and staying up-to-date with financial news.

1. Spend less than you earn. 2. Create and maintain a budget. 3. Build an emergency fund. 4. Invest in assets that grow in value. 5. Protect your wealth with insurance. 6. Continuously educate yourself about personal finance.

A budget helps you track your income and expenses, prioritize spending, and make informed financial decisions, ensuring that you can meet your financial goals.

Assets that typically grow in value include stocks, real estate, and businesses. These investments can provide passive income and long-term financial growth.

Insurance helps protect your wealth by providing financial support in case of unexpected events like accidents, illness, or property damage, reducing your out-of-pocket expenses.

Spending less than you earn allows you to save, invest, and reduce debt, which helps create financial stability and prevents you from living paycheck to paycheck.
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What Are The 6 Golden Rules Of Personal Finance?
Samantha Clark

A Warrington College of Business graduate, Samantha handles all client relations with our top-tier partners. Read More

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